Kalaburagi is 623 km north of the state capital of Bengaluru and 200 km from Hyderabad. Although initially part of Hyderabad State, the city is the administrative headquarters of the district. In Kannada kala means stones, buragi means land thus the name kalaburgi - land of stones.
Kalaburagi district is situated in northern Karnataka between 76°.04' and 77°.42 east longitude, and 17°.12' and 17°.46' north latitude, covering an area of 10,951 km². This district is bounded on the west by Vijayapur district and Solapur district of Maharashtra state, on the north by Bidar district and Osmanabad district of Maharashtra state, on the south by Yadgir district, and on the east by Ranga Reddy district of Telangana state.
Kalaburgi is famous for toordal or Pigeon pea and the limestone deposits. As per data released by Govt. of India for Census 2011, Gulbarga is an Urban Agglomeration coming under category of Class I UAs/Towns. Gulbarga city is governed by Municipal Corporation and is in Gulbarga Urban Region. It is a rapidly urbanising city which comes under Kalaburagi Metropolitan area. The city is well known for its many places of architectural, historical and religious importance.
The city of Kalaburagi is accessible by airways, railways and roadways. Nearest international airport to Kalaburagi is Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, Shamshabad, Hyderabad, at a distance of nearly 230 km. The city is well connected with all major cities of India like Bangalore, Hyderabad, and Chennai through a number of regular trains and buses. The Central Bus Stand, Kalaburagi is well connected to the university and nearby places by a network of state and interstate buses.
The entire district is on the Deccan Plateau, and the elevation ranges from 300 to 750 m above MSL. Two main rivers, the Krishna and Bhima, flow through the district. The predominant soil type is black soil. The district has many tanks, which irrigate the land along with the river. The Upper Krishna Project is a major irrigation venture in the district of Jowar. The main crops are groundnuts, rice, and pulses. Gulbarga is the largest producer of toor dal, or pigeon peas, in Karnataka. Gulbarga is an industrially backward district but is showing signs of growth in the cement, textile, leather and chemical industries. Gulbarga has a university with Medical and Engineering Colleges. The geographical area of the city is 64 square kilometres.
Kalaburagi is warm and the temperatures shorting over 45 degree Celsius during the summer months of April-May. Rains start from June to October followed by a short and sometimes sharp winter.
There are many attractions in Gulbarga: Bahmani fort, Tomb of first Bahmani Sultan Hasan, Government Museum, Holkonda fort, Ferozabad fort, Sri Sharanabasaveshwar Temple, Shri Kshetra Ganagapur (Ganagapur), a well-known pilgrimage site of the god Shri Sadguru Dattatreya Narasimha Saraswati, Sri Hulakantheshwar Temple (Herur B), and the Ghathargi Bhagayavanti Temple (Afzalpur Taluk), on the bank of the Bhima River.
Places of religious importance in Kalaburagi include the Khwaja Banda Nawaz Dargah, Sharanabasaveshwar Temple, Sri Jayathirtha Math of Malakhed, Buddha Vihar and Sheikh Roza Dargah etc. Devotees from all over the world visit these places of worship every year.
|Few Places of attraction include|
|Khwaja Banda Nawaz Dargah||Sharanabasaveshwar Temple|
|Appana Kere||Gulbarga Fort|
|Buddha Vihar||Jumma Masjid (Gulbarga Fort)|
|Sheikh Roza Dargah||District Science centre|
|Sri Jayathirtha Temple, Malakhed||Chandrala Parameshwari Temple, Sannati (Chittapur)|
|Sri Ram Mandir|
Gulbarga is 613 km north of Bengaluru and well connected by road to Bengaluru, Mumbai, Pune, Bijapur, Hyderabad and other major cities. Gulbarga has a 55.5-kilometre (34.5 mi) long, four-laned ring road.
Auto rickshaws are available for getting around the city at fairly reasonable rates. NEKRTC (Nrupatunga) city buses circulate within the city and travel to the nearby towns and villages. Nrupatunga Sarige Serves as the City public transport and has emerged as the popular commuting transport services within the city and surrounding suburbs of the city. Ola cabs are also available.
Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) runs a bus service to other cities and villages. There are also private bus services. The Bidar- Srirangapatna state highway makes travel easy to Bengaluru and the neighbouring states of Maharastra and Goa. There are many private services running buses between Bangalore and Gulbarga, and between Mumbai and Gulbarga.
Gulbarga railway station is served by the Solapur-Guntakal line, which is part of the Mumbai-Chennai line. It is well connected by trains to all major parts of India, such as Mumbai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Chennai, Bengaluru, Ahmadabad, Coimbatore, Thiruvanathapuram, Kanayakumari, Pune, Bhuvaneshwar, Bhopal, Agra and Gwalior etc. A project connecting Gulbarga to Bidar via rail is still in progress. Once completed, it will help to reduce travel time between Bengaluru and New Delhi by 6–7 hours. Gulbarga railway station comes under Central Railway.
Kalaburagi Airport is being built to serve the city. The project site is 15 km East of the city on State Highway 10 (Sedam Road) near Srinivas Saradagi village. The project will be completed by the State Government through its own PWD with technical assistance from the Airports Authority of India (AAI).
The city has four medical colleges: Mahadevappa Rampure Medical College, KBN Institute of Medical Sciences (KBNIMS), ESI Medical College (ESIMC) and Gulbarga Institute of Medical Sciences (GIMS). There are three dental colleges, one run by HKE Society, another by Albadar-Luqman Trust and another by the ESI Hospital.
The city has several nursing schools, including Vijaykumar College of Nursing, HKE Society Nursing College, AlBadar Nursing College, Al-Kareem Nursing College, and Al-Qamar Nursing College.
There are six engineering colleges in the city run by education groups, including Khaja Banda Nawaz College of Engineering, KCT College of Engineering, Appa Institute of Engineering and Technology and Poojya Doddappa Appa College of Engineering (PDACE).
Kalaburagi has Gulbarga University, established in 1980. Its jurisdiction extends to the six districts of Gulbarga district, Yadgir, Bidar, Raichur, Bellary and Koppal. Earlier it was a post-graduate centre of Karnataka University, Dharwad since 1970. The main campus is on 860 acres (3.5 km2) of land, 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) east of Gulbarga city. It has 37 post-graduate departments and four post-graduate centres in Krishnadevarayanagar, Bellary, Raichur and Bidar. Another post-graduate centre at Basavakalyan is planned. The university enrolls about 3,500 students every year for post-graduate, MPhil and PhD programmes. Approximately 200 faculty members and about 700 technical and non-technical supporting staff are employed there. There are 230 colleges affiliated with this university offering graduate/diploma courses in arts, fine arts, music, social sciences, science and technology, commerce, education and law.Gulbarga University Website
The Central University of Karnataka is in the outskirts of the city on the way to Solapur and Aland. Central University of Karnataka is established in Gulbarga at Aland Road near Kadaganchi village. .The institution is a young university with a lot of scope for improvement in overall functioning. Kalaburagi is known as the 'City of Education' for its institutions managed by the private and the government sector.Central University of Karnataka Website